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Substance consumption in adolescents with and without an immigration background: a representative study-What part of an immigration background is protective against binge drinking?

Unterscheiden sich Jugendliche mit oder ohne Migrationshintergrund bzgl. des Konsums von Alkohol, Tabak und Cannabis? Eine Kooperationsstudie der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Universitätsklinikum Erlangen und dem Kriminologischem Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen gibt differenzierte Antworten. Dabei zeigt sich, dass der Konsum nicht primär vom Migrationshintergrund selbst sondern auch vom Grad der kulturellen Anpassung und zahlreichen anderen Faktoren abhängt.


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Author information

  • 1Center for Health Services Research in Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg/University Clinic Erlangen, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054, Erlangen, Germany. carolin.donath@uk-erlangen.de.

  • 2Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Lützerodestr. 9, 30161, Hannover, Germany.

  • 3Center for Health Services Research in Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg/University Clinic Erlangen, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054, Erlangen, Germany.

  • 4Center for Addiction Research, Clinic for Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

 

BACKGROUND:

 

Representative data indicate that adolescents with an immigration background show less harmful patterns of consumption, for example, they practice binge drinking less often. It remains to be shown whether this also applies to substances such as tobacco and cannabis and if the "healthier" patterns of consumption are permanent or if they gradually disappear as the level of integration increases. Using representative data, the current study was designed to a) present the epidemiology of the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis of adolescents with and without an immigration background in 2013 and b) to analyze which immigration-specific variables predict problematic alcohol consumption in adolescents with an immigration background.

 

METHODS:

 

A representative, written survey was administered to 9512 students in the 9th grade from Lower Saxony, Germany in 2013 by the "Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen (KfN)." Data were collected from 1763 adolescents with an immigration background regarding their cultural, structural, social, and identificative integration. These variables were introduced as predictors in a multiple logistic regression analysis with binge drinking during the last 30 days as the dependent variable.

 

RESULTS:

 

Compared with German adolescents without an immigration background, significantly fewer adolescents with an immigration backg